Tilang Raag : Introduction
According to Mahan Kosh of Kahn Singh Nabha, raga Tilang belongs to Bilawal thath. This raga is also called raga Trikiling and Triling associating it with three Shivlings found at mountains Shail, Kalesar and Bhimeser in Southern India. According to Hanumant School of music it is a ragini of raga Hindol.
This raga is included in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) – sa ga ma pa ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) – sa ni pa ma ga sa
The vadi (most popular) note is ‘ga’ and samvadi (second most popular) note is ‘na’.
This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 a.m. to 3 p.m. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July and Agust. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 721 – 727( 7 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
Guru Arjan Dev
Guru Tegh Bahadur
The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:
Shabads (2, 3 and 4 padas)
Count of the use of Managals:
Complete Mool Mantar = 1 at page 721
Ik-ongkar Satgur Prasadh = 7
Placement and count of rahau verses:
In the first five shabads of Guru Nanak Dev, three shabads have rahau verses with numeral ‘1’ and are placed after the first padas of the shabads; the next two shabads have no rahaus. The next 7 shabads have rahaus without numerals and are placed after the first padas of the shabads. The next two long compositions , one by Guru Nanak Dev and one by Guru Ramdas have no rahau verses. The three shabads of Guru Tegh Bahadur, which follow, have rahau verses in the beginning of the shabads and have numeral with them.
The Bhagat Bani has rahau verses with numeral and are placed at the end of the first padas of the shabads.
|Prahar||5 (6 pm - 9 pm)|
|Other Characteristics||Re is taken as kan-swar when moving from G to S in the last part of avaroh|
|Popular Film Songs||1. Chhup gaye saare nazaare hoye kya baat ho gayi
Film: Do Raaste
Singers: Mohammad Rafi
2. Chota sa baalama akhiyaan neend udaaye le gayo
3. Itana to yaad hai mujhe, ki unse mulaaqaat huyi
Film: Mehboob Ki Mehandi
Singers: Mohammad Rafi
4. Mujhe ai zindagi deewaana kar de
5. rehte the kabhi jinake dil mein ham jaan se bhi
6. Sajna sang kaahe neha lagaaye
Film: Main Nashe Mein Hoon
7. Yahi armaan lekar aaj apne
|Non-Film Songs||1. Maine leenho govinda mol maai ri (Bhajan)
Singers: Anup Jalota
2. Ban chale raam raghuraai (Bhajan)