Hansdhwani Raag : Introduction

Hamsadhvani (meaning Sound of Swans) also spelled as Hansadhwani, is a rāga in Carnatic music (musical scale of Carnatic tradition of Indian classical music). It is an audava rāgam (or owdava rāga, meaning pentatonic scale). It is a janya rāga (derived scale), as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes).

Hamsadhvani is also extensively used in Hindustani music and said to be borrowed into it from Carnatic music. It was created by the Carnatic composer Ramaswami Dikshitar (1735–1817) and brought into Hindustani music by Ustad Aman Ali Khan of the Bhendibazaar gharana.

Structure and Lakshana

Hamsadhvani does not contain madhyamam or dhaivatam. It is a pentatonic scale (audava-audava ragam[1][3] in Carnatic music classification – audava meaning ‘of 5’). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

ārohaṇa : S R2 G3 P N3 S
avarohaṇa : S N3 P G3 R2 S

The notes used in this scale are shadjam, chatushruti rishabham, antara gandharam, panchamam and kakali nishadam.

Hamsadhvani may be considered to be a janya rāgam of Shankarabharanam, the 29th Melakarta rāgam, although it can also be considered to be derived from other melakarta rāgams, Sarasangi, Kalyani or Latangi, by dropping both madhyamam and dhaivatam. It is an elusive question as to whether Hamsadhvani is a janya of this or that melakarta. In Hindustani music it is associated with Bilaval thaat (equivalent of Shankarabharanam).

Compositions

Hamsadhvani rāgam lends itself for elaboration and exploration and has many compositions in both classical music and film music. It is usually sung at the beginning of a performance. There are many kritis (compositions) in praise of Lord Ganesha set in this musical scale.

Raghunāyaka and Śrī Raghukula by Tyagaraja in Telugu
Vātāpi Gaṇapatiṃ by Muthuswami Dikshitar in Sanskrit
Varanamukha vā by Koteeswara Iyer
Mūlādhāra mūrti and Karunai seivai by Papanasam Sivan in Sanskrit and Tamil
Gajavadana beduvae by Purandaradasa
Vināyakā by Veena Kuppayyar in Sanskrit
Varavallabha Ramaṇa by G. N. Balasubramaniam
Gaṃ Gaṇapatē by Muthiah Bhagavatar
Pāhi Śripatē by Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma
Sundar Gopālaṃ by Devaki Pandit
Va Va Va Kanna Va by Ilayaraaja rendered by Mano (singer) and K S Chithra in Tamil
Varuvai Arulvai Shantanayagi by Manachanallur Giridharan rendered by P. Unni Krishnan
Tumbikkai Andavane by Manachanallur Giridharan rendered by P. Unni Krishnan

ThaatBilawal
Vaadi/SamvaadiR/P
Prahar 5 (6 pm - 9 pm)
Important Anuvaadi S
AarohaS-R-G-P-N-S'
BhaavShadj-Madhyam
Avaroha S'-N-P-G-R-S
Saptak-pradhaanataMadhya-Tar
PakadR-G-P-(G)R,G-P-N-P-G-R,S
Tanpura TuningP
JaatiAudav-Audav
Other Characteristics
Similar Raagas
Popular Film Songs1. Jaa tose nahin boloon kanhaiya
Film: Parivaar
Singers: Lata Mangeshkar
Taala: Sitarkhani
Music Director:
Poet:
Non-Film Songs