Bageshri : Introduction

Bageshri is a Hindustani classical raga. It is a popular raga of the late night, which is meant to depict the emotion of a woman waiting for reunion with her lover. It is said to have been first sung by Mian Tansen, the celebrated court singer of the Emperor Akbar in the sixteenth century.

Raag Details

Prahar7 (12 am - 3 am)
Important Anuvaadi
Pakad’n-S-m-g-m-D-n-D-m, m-P-D-g-m-g-R-S
Tanpura Tuningm
Other CharacteristicsPerformed during the first part of the prahar.
Similar RaagasRageshri
Popular Film Songs1. Aaja re pardesi, main to kab se khari is paar
Film: Madhumati
Singers: Lata Mangeshkar
Taala: Keharva
Music Director: Salil Chaudhari
2. Jaag dard-e-ishq jaag
Film: Anarkali
Singers: Hemant Kumar Lata Mangeshkar
Taala: Dadra
Music Director: C. Ramachandra
Poet: Rajinder Krishan
3. Phir vahi shaam vahi gham vahi tanahaayi hai
Singers: Talat Mehmood
Taala: Dadra
Music Director:
4. Radha na bole na bole na bole re
Film: Azad
Singers: Lata Mangeshkar
Music Director: C. Ramachandra
Poet: Rajinder Krishan
Non-Film Songs

The theoretical aspects of Bageshri are as follows.

Carnatic music
In the twentieth century, Bageshri raga found widespread popularity in Carnatic Music, in which it is said to be derived from the equivalent raga of Kafi, the 22nd Melakarta called Kharaharapriya. This raga is a janya raga (derived) as it does not have all the seven notes in the ascending scale.

Structure and Lakshana
Bageshri is an asymmetric scale that does not contain panchamam in the ascending scale. It is called a shadava-sampurna rāgam,[1] in Carnatic music classification (as it has 6 notes in ascending and 7 notes in descending scale). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

ārohaṇa : S R2 G2 M1 D2 N2 S
avarohaṇa : S N2 D2 N2 P M1 G2 R2 S
This scale uses the notes shadjam, chathusruti rishabham, sadharana gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadam.

Popular compositions
Bageshri has become a popular raga in Carnatic music. It is pleasing but a scale that does not give much scope for elaboration (alapana). This scale has been used in a few kritis (compositions). In addition, many devaranamas, ashtapadis, thiruppugazhs, and other lyrics have been set to tune in this raga. It is typically sung in concerts after the main piece, in viruttams, padams, bhajans and ragamalika.

Here are some popular compositions in Bageshri.

Eru mayil eri vilayaducomposed by Arunagirinathar
Sagarasayana by M. D. Ramanathan
Maname ariyen by Papanasam Sivan
Antakanadutarige KiMchittu dayavilla by Purandaradasa

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